Digitalization: A Carbon Emission Apocalypse In The 4IR

Main Article Content

Erastus Misheng’u Mwanaumo
Funmilayo Caroline Jayeola
Penjani Hopkins Nyimbili
Wellington Didibhuku Thwala


This research discusses the global significance of digitalization and its impact on carbon emissions in the context of the fourth industrial revolution (4IR). It highlights the fact that digitalization is deeply ingrained in all aspects of daily life and is a critical component of future development. However, the energy consumption associated with digital tools and social media platforms is a major contributor to carbon emissions. The paper examines the relationship between internet usage and social media activities and their impact on carbon emissions. Regression analysis conducted using ANOVA was used to support the finding that demonstrates that energy consumption from the increasing use of the internet, digital tools, devices and social media platforms are the primary determinant of carbon emissions from digitalization. The study, therefore, concludes that the increasing use of digital technology in the 4IR will lead to higher levels of daily carbon dioxide emissions and that there is a need for clean energy sources, as well as research on sustainable digitalization practices, in order to mitigate this impact. Overall, the paper emphasizes the importance of addressing the carbon emissions caused by digitalization and that these efforts should be supported by industries, governments, and individuals in order to achieve a sustainable future.


Article Details

How to Cite
Mwanaumo, E. M., Jayeola , F. C., Nyimbili, P. H., & Thwala, W. D. (2023). Digitalization: A Carbon Emission Apocalypse In The 4IR. Zambia ICT Journal, 7(1), 69–78.
Author Biographies

Erastus Misheng’u Mwanaumo, University of Zambia

Head of Department
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
University of Zambia             

Lusaka, Zambia



Funmilayo Caroline Jayeola , University of Zambia

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
University of Zambia

Lusaka, Zambia


Penjani Hopkins Nyimbili, University of Zambia


Department of Geomatic Engineering,

University of Zambia

Lusaka, Zambia


Wellington Didibhuku Thwala, University of South Africa


Department of Civil Engineering
University of South Africa (UNISA)
Pretoria, South Africa